Massage is the manipulation of superficial and deeper layers of muscle and connective tissue using various techniques. It is used to enhance function, aid in the healing process, decrease muscle reflex activity, and inhibit motor-neuron excitability; as well as promote relaxation and well-being.
Massage involves working and acting on the body with pressure – structured, unstructured, stationary, or moving – tension, motion, or vibration, done manually or with mechanical aids.
Target tissues may include muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, skin, joints, or other connective tissue, as well as lymphatic vessels, or organs of the gastrointestinal system. Massage can be applied with the hands, fingers, elbows, knees, forearm, or feet. Massage has many aspects and types such as acupressure, trigger point massage, pressure point, for the purpose of structural integration, sports massage, myofascial release, deep tissue, and the Bowen Technique is another useful massage technique.
For example: Trigger point massage involves deactivating trigger points that may cause local pain or referred pain and other sensations, such as headaches, in other parts of the body. Manual pressure, vibration, injection, or other treatment is applied to these points to relieve myofascial pain. These points relate to dysfunction in the myoneural junction, also called neuromuscular junction (NMJ), in muscle.